Netball is played indoors and outdoors in all kinds of different environments around the world. Netball is a fast, skilful team game based on running, jumping, throwing and catching. Teams may include up to 12 players but only 7 may take the court at any one time.
Each player has a playing position determined by the areas on the court where they may move. The playing positions are shown by identification letters worn above the waist, on both the front and the back of the player. Those positions are GS, GA, WA, C, WD, GD and GK.
The major aim of the game is to score as many goals as is possible from within an area called the Goal Circle, which is a semi-circle centred on the goal line and measuring 4.9 metres in radius (16 feet). Only two players from each team may score goals, the Goal Attack and Goal Shooter. A Netball is made of leather, rubber or similar material, weighing 400 – 450 gms (14 – 16 ounces) and measuring 690 – 710 mms (27 – 28 inches) in circumference.
A game consists of 4 x 15 minute quarters with an interval of 3 minutes between the first and second and third and fourth quarters and a 5 or 10 minute half time interval.
The Rules of Netball may be placed into two generic groups, those which infringe only a rule and are called minor rules although they make up the majority of the rules, and those which infringe the rights of an opponent and consequently are called major rules. The minor rules, among which are the infringements of held ball, stepping, breaking, offside and over a third, are penalized with a free pass. The major rules, which mainly consist of obstruction, intimidation, contact and discipline are penalized with a penalty pass or penalty pass or shot. In this penalty, the offender must stand out of play until the ball has left the thrower’s hands. If you are interested in finding out more about Netball you can purchase the Rules of Netball from USA Netball Associations.
The International Federation of Netball Associations (IFNA) has produced some specifications for Netball Facilities that are used for international test matches or national competitions. All World Championships are now played in indoor arenas on spring wooden floors.